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|Size||430 mm × 135 mm (16.9 in × 5.3 in) (cars)|
275 mm × 115 mm (10.8 in × 4.5 in) (motorcycles)
|Issued by||Indonesian National Police Traffic Corps|
Motorized vehicles in Indonesia, including motorcycles, are required to have registration plates, which must be displayed at the front and back of the vehicles. The issuing of number plates is regulated and administered by the One-stop Administration Services Office (Indonesian: Sistem Administrasi Manunggal Satu Atap) (SAMSAT), which is a collaboration between the Indonesian National Police, provincial offices of regional revenue, and the national mandatory vehicle insurance operator Jasa Raharja.
Vehicle registration plates were first introduced in the Dutch East Indies in 1900. The early format included regional codes such as CH for Cirebon, SB for Surabaya, and SOK for the eastern coast of Sumatra; and registration numbers with no official standards. Plates were not always installed at the front and the rear of the vehicle; some owners affixed the plates on the side of the vehicle. For international purposes, the Government of the Dutch East Indies introduced the code IN for government vehicles. IN plates were elliptical and the registration numbers were placed below on a rectangular plate.
A more-structured system was introduced in 1917 with the implementation of regulations regarding the content of applications for number and driving licenses, the specification of numbers and letters, the models of number and driving licenses, the establishment of registers of holders of the licenses and the publication of the contents of the registers. The regulation obliged vehicle owners to register their vehicles. The Karesidenan-based system was first implemented on Java and afterwards elsewhere in the colony. The alphabetical codes were:
- A: Banten
- B: Batavia (now Jakarta)
- D: Preanger Regencies (now Greater Bandung)
- E: Cirebon
- G: Pekalongan
- H: Semarang
- K: Rembang
- L: Surabaya
- M: Madura
- N: Pasuruan,Malang
- P: Besuki
- R: Banyumas
- AA: Kedu
- AB: Special Region of Yogyakarta
- AD: Surakarta (Sragen Regency, Klaten Regency, Karanganyar Regency, Boyolali Regency)
- AE: Madiun (Ngawi Regency, Ponorogo Regency, Magetan Regency, Pacitan Regency)
- AG: Kediri (Tulungagung Regency, Blitar, Trenggalek Regency, Nganjuk Regency)
- BA: Western Coast of Sumatra
- BB: Tapanuli
- BD: Bengkulu
- BE: Lampung
- BG: Palembang
- BH: Jambi
- BK: East Sumatra
- BL: Aceh
- BM: Riau
- BN: Bangka
- BP: Riau Islands
- BR: West Kalimantan
- DA: South Kalimantan and East Kalimantan
- DB: Manado
- DD: Sulawesi
- DE: Ambon
- DG: Ternate
- DH: Timor
- DK: Bali and Lombok
The early format of registration plates remained in use after Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945. At the beginning of the 1980s, plates with four-digit numbers separated by a dot at the bottom that denote the month and year of expiry (e.g. 06•87) was introduced. Vehicle owners must pay a tax to renew the plate every five years. The typefaces are embossed. There were two variations of design during the New Order; the expiry date would be placed above or below the registration numbers.
Along with the increase of motorized vehicles in Indonesia, the technical design and specification of vehicle registration plates began to be regulated by the Direktorat Lalu Lintas Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia/Ditlantas Polri (Traffic Directorate) of the Indonesian National Police. The size of the license plates during the 2000s was 395 mm × 135 mm (15.6 in × 5.3 in) (four wheel vehicles or more) or 250 mm × 105 mm (9.8 in × 4.1 in) (two or three wheel vehicles) with wide alphabets and a stripe that separates the registration numbers and expiry date. In the lower left and upper right corners is the Traffic Police symbol, and at the lower-right and upper-left corners is a "DIRLANTAS POLRI" sign as a security feature and proof of the originality of the license plate.
In April 2011, the design of the license plate was redesigned. The new plates are 5 cm (2.0 in) longer to accommodate more characters and the typeface is slimmer. The Traffic Corps of the Indonesian National Police (Korps Lalu Lintas Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia/Korlantas Polri) introduced their more-complete coat of arms, with shield and ribbon with the letter "Dharmakerta Marga Raksyaka". The phrase "DITLANTAS" became "KORLANTAS". The license plates are made from 1 mm (0.039 in)-thick aluminium with edge lines with the same color as the numbers. The size of the plate for two-or-three-wheeled vehicles now is 275 mm × 115 mm (10.8 in × 4.5 in), while for four-or-more-wheeled vehicles they are 430 mm × 135 mm (16.9 in × 5.3 in).
Since June 2022, The Traffic Corps of the Indonesian National Police changed the color scheme for personal and rental vehicles from black plates with white letters to white plates with black letters. The new color scheme was implemented to ease the detection of motoring offenses with traffic enforcement cameras.
To incrase the effectivity of the new color scheme, FE-Schrift typeface was first implemented for regular personal four-wheel plates only since November 2022. Not only personal plates, commercial/public transport (black on yellow) and government-owned (white on red) vehicle plates began to use FE-Schrift at the same time.
Registration plate design convention
This section needs additional citations for verification. (July 2022)
Size and formating
Indonesian vehicle registration plates for four-wheel vehicles are approximately 460 mm × 135 mm (18.1 in × 5.3 in) and plates for two-or-three-wheel vehicles are approxiately 275 mm × 115 mm. All plates are constructed from stamped sheet metal. With some exceptions, plates use the following format: LL NNNN LL where "L" are letters of the Latin alphabet, and "N" numbers from "0" to "9" (the first number is never a "0"). The first single-or-double-letter prefixes denote the area of registration. This is followed by number between 1 and 9999 without leading zeroes. This is then followed by one or two letters although they may be optional. For example: B 1897 RKT is a vehicle registered in East Jakarta city; it begins with B. A smaller, four-digit number separated by dot is located at the top (old format, with horizontal line as divider) or bottom (newer format, commonly without divider) of the plate with following format: NN・NN denoting the month and year of the plate's expiry (e.g. 01•28 means until January 2028). The owner must pay a tax to renew it every five years.
Vehicles in Indonesia are coded based on their classes and uses. These are:
- Black on White: For privately owned vehicles. Trucks that are registered for private use were issued with this plate, so are the ambulances. This new color scheme has been used since June 2022 to detect motoring offenses with traffic enforcement cameras.
- White on black: The old color scheme for privately owned vehicles. Trucks that are registered for private use were issued with this plate, so are ambulances. Superseded by the black on white color scheme but still valid during 5-year transition period.
- Black on yellow: Commercial vehicle or public transportation such as buses, taxis, angkot, auto rickshaws and commercial trucks.
- White on red: Used by fire departments, government ambulances, government officials and other governmental vehicles administered under their respective local governments.
- Black on Red: Vehicles belonging to foreign countries. Commonly used by foreign embassies or vehicles belonging to International organizations.
- Black on White with Black Trim: Vehicles belonging to diplomatic corps of foreign countries. Commonly used by foreign embassies or vehicles belonging to international organizations.
- Black on green: Free Zone vehicles i.e. Batam (see Indonesia–Malaysia–Singapore Growth Triangle).
- Blue on white: Vehicles belonging to foreign countries, mainly used before the vehicle has been registered.
The Indonesian National Police has set a special license plate for electric vehicles with additional blue trim at the expiry date row in accordance with the regulations in the Decree of the Head of the Traffic Corps of the Indonesian National Police in 2020.
However, when personal fossil-fueled vehicle plates have changed the color scheme, personal EV plates are still using the old one (white on black) with blue trim, added with the implementation of FE-Schrift since November 2022.
- White on Black with Blue Trim: for privately owned electric vehicles and rental electric vehicles
- Black on Yellow with Blue Trim: for commercial electric vehicle or public transportation.
- White on Red with Blue Trim: for governmental electric vehicles administered under their respective local governments.
- Black on White with Blue Trim: for foreign embassies or electric vehicles belonging to International organizations.
- Black on Green with Blue Trim: for electric vehicles at the Free Trade Zone.
Temporary registration plates
Temporary registration plates currently have two formats, namely:
- Red on white: Vehicles that have not been registered yet, or for new cars that have no owners yet or no legal identification.
- Black on white with "SS" suffix: This format is commonly used for new car owners that haven't got the permanent registration yet. The design is similar with the permanent personal vehicle plates, but added with the "SS" suffix, which is an abbreviation of Sifat Sementara (temporary use). Temporary plates with this format only valid for 30 days only. For example: B 2814 SSP.
Special Code Examples
Vehicle category (Jakarta only)
- B – Code for Double Cabin Pickups
- A/B/D/W/E/R – Code for Sedans
- A/C/U/Z – Code for Pickups
- D – Code for Trucks
- F/K/O/Z/R/Y/I – Code for Minibuses
- *HX/*IX – Code for Ambulances
- J/L/C – Code for Jeeps and SUVs
- Q/U – Code for government staff
- T/*UA – Code for Taxis
- V/P/M/G/Y/W/U – Code for Minibuses
For example, "B 9031 BAY" indicates that the vehicle is a pickup, while "B 1032 DFA" indicates that the vehicle is a minibus.
A separate format exists for private vehicles belonging to government, military or police officials. Because most of these agencies are based in Jakarta, vehicles belonging to state officials use the "B" suffix, along with the four numbers that are assigned to the vehicle. The sub-area suffix is replaced with RF suffix code, indicating the vehicle belongs to a state official, followed by another letter that indicates the type of state official who owns the vehicle.
- "RFS" - Vehicle registration code intended for civil officials.
- "RFO", "RFH", and "RFQ" suffixes are intended for civil officials under the Echelon 2 rank role.
- "RFD" - Vehicle registration code intended for Indonesian Army officials.
- "RFL" - Vehicle registration code intended for Indonesian Navy officials.
- "RFU" - Vehicle registration code intended for Indonesian Air Force officials.
- "RFP" - Vehicle registration code intended for Indonesian National Police officials.
For example, "B 1703 RFS" indicates that the vehicle belongs to a civilian official, whilst "B 1148 RFP" indicates that the vehicle belongs to a police official.
On 27 January 2023, the Traffic Corps of the Indonesian National Police announced that special "RF" plates would be discontinued in October 2023, due to often being misused by numbers of people.
Registration area codes
The lettering convention denoting the area of registration is a legacy of the Dutch colonial era and does not reflect the current regional divisions of the country into provinces. They follow the old system of Dutch Karesidenan or residencies lettering systems, which were adopted in the 1920s, and the Territorial Police system which was abolished in 2010.
The list of area codes are:
Several areas provide license plates for non-motorized transport vehicles. In Yogyakarta, YB is used for rickshaws. A white-on-blue license plate with area code SB is issued for rickshaws operating in the city of Surabaya. In Banjarmasin, rickshaws operating in the city are issued with plate using a unique format, XXXX BS.
There were several area codes no longer in use. These include:
Special plate designs
Military and police vehicles
Military and police vehicles have their own colors and alpha-numeric conventions, including their insignia and/or the rank of the officer owning the vehicle, especially for high-ranking officers.
Army-personnel vehicles are yellow on green background, plus a yellow star on the top. Navy-personnel plate is yellow on light blue, plus a yellow anchor. Air Force personnel plate is yellow on dark blue, plus a red and white air force roundel. Police plate is yellow on black. Personnel in Armed Forces Headquarters uses yellow numbers on red background plates. Slightly similar, Ministry of Defense vehicles also uses yellow on red plates, only replacing Armed Forces' insignia with the Ministry's insignia. This is also being implemented on other military vehicles, such as motorcycles, jeeps, trucks, and tanks.
Military and Ministry of Defense vehicles use the numerical convention NNNNN-SS where "N" is for numbers from "0" to "9" for registration and "S" denotes a special suffix number/letter which denotes the type of office or unit in which the person who owns the vehicle belongs to.
Here are the lists of the suffix codes of the Military and Ministry of Defense:
|Suffix||Armed Forces (TNI)||Suffix|| Army
|Suffix|| Air Force
|Suffix||Ministry Of Defense
|Suffix||National Police (POLRI)|
|00||Armed Forces Headquarters||00||Army Headquarters||00||Navy Headquarters||00||Air Force Headquarters||00||Ministry of Defense||00||National Police Headquarters|
|01||Staff and Command School||01||Army Strategic Reserve Command (KOSTRAD)||01||1st Fleet
|01||1st Air Operations Command||02||National Defense Institute||I||Aceh Police Region|
|02||Military Academy||02||Army Special Forces Command (KOPASSUS)||02||2nd Fleet Command||02||2nd Air Operations Command||05||Directorate General of Materials, Facilities and Services||II||North Sumatra Police Region|
|09||Legal Development Agency||03||Military Regional Command (KODAM Jakarta Raya)||03||3rd Fleet Command||03||3rd Air Operations Command||III||West Sumatra Police Region|
|10||Military Supply Agency||04||Education & Training Command||04||Military Sealift Command||04||Material Maintenance Command||IV||Riau Police Region|
|14 or V||Presidential Security Force (PASPAMPRES)||05||Military Regional Command (KODAM Iskandar Muda)||05||Marine Corps||05||Doctrine, Education and Training Command||V||South Sumatra Police Region|
|10||Army Academy||08||Command and Staff College||10||Quick Reaction Forces Command (KOPASGAT)||VI||West Kalimantan Police Region|
|20||Command and Staff College||I - XIV||Main Naval Bases from 1-14||VII||Metro Jaya Police Region|
|30||Army Territorial Center||VIII||West Java Police Region|
|31||Infantry Armament Center||IX||Central Java Police Region|
|32||Cavalry Armament Center||X||East Java Police Region|
|33||Artillery Armament Center||XI||Bali Police Region|
|34||Military Police Center||XII||East Kalimantan Police Region|
|41||Directorate of Engineers||XIII||South Kalimantan Police Region|
|42||Directorate of Supplies and Transportation||XIV||South Sulawesi Police Region|
|43||Directorate of Equipment||XV||North Sulawesi Police Region|
|44||Directorate of Supplies and Transportation||XVI||Maluku Police Region|
|45||Directorate of Health||XVII||Papua Police Region|
|46||Directorate of the Adjutant General||XVIII||Central Kalimantan Police Region|
|47||Directorate of Topography||XIX||Central Sulawesi Police Region|
|48||Directorate of Finance||XX||Southeast Sulawesi Police Region|
|49||Directorate of Law||XXI||West Nusa Tenggara Police Region|
|51||Information Service||XXII||East Nusa Tenggara Police Region|
|52||Mental Development Service||XXIII||Banten Police Region|
|53||Psychology Service||XXIV||Yogyakarta Special Region Police Region|
|54||Research and Development Service||XXV||Lampung Police Region|
|55||Information and Data Processing Service||XXVI||Jambi Police Region|
|56||Aviation Service||XXVII||Bengkulu Police Region|
|I - XVIII||Military Area Commands from 1-18||XXVIII||Bangka Belitung Islands Police Region|
|XXIX||Gorontalo Police Region|
|XXX||North Maluku Police Region|
|XXXI||Riau Islands Police Region|
|XXXII||West Papua Police Region|
|XXXIII||West Sulawesi Police Region|
|XXXV||North Kalimantan Police Region|
Senior government officials
President, Vice President, and other officials
Vehicle registration plates belonging to senior government officials like the president or vice president always begin with RI which stands for "Republik Indonesia" and are followed by a number. For example, the president's registration plate is "RI-1", and the vice president's is "RI-2". Other senior officials such as government ministers, the chairman of the House of Representatives, the commander of the National Armed Forces and the chief of the National Police also share the same convention and are assigned the numbers after the President and vice president. These plates are used for everyday activities and have a black on white design.
There are some very special numbers, which are "INDONESIA 1" and "INDONESIA 2" for the president and vice president, respectively. These numbers are used for a ceremonial purposes, such as presidential/vice-presidential inaugurations, national day ceremonies and armed forces day. On inauguration day, at the time the new president and vice president take the oath, the plates are moved from the former presidential/vice-presidential cars to the new car. These numbers are also used for all ceremonial presidential/vice-presidential cars, and have a white-on-red design.
House of Representatives
On May 2021, the Indonesian House of Representatives (Indonesian: Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) introduced their owned special registration plates, in order to supervise their member's driving behavior. The plate design is similar to the Ministry of Defence's plate, but painted in black and white combination with the seal of the House of Representatives. The codes are:
|1-00||Chief of the House of Representatives|
|2-00 to 5-00||Deputy Chief of the House of Representatives|
|6-xx||Chief of Fraction|
|6-I to 6-XI||Chief of Commision I – XI|
|7-I to 7-XI||Deputy Chief of Commision I – XI|
|xx-XII||House of Representatives Honor Court|
|xx-XIV||Inter-parliament Cooperation Agency|
|xx-XV||Household Affairs Agency|
|xx-XVII||State Financial Accountablity Agency|
|8-XVIII||Deputy of Assembly|
|9-XVIII||Deputy of Administration|
|11-XVII||Chief of General Bureau|
|(member number)-(fraction number)||Member of the House of Representatives|
Foreign countries or international organizations
Registration plates for vehicles belonging to the government of foreign countries or international organizations follow a different convention. They used to have black letters on a white background with black trim on the bottom. On June 2022, the black trim was scrapped, so the plates would look similar to regular personal vehicle plates.
The plates have the letter CD (abbreviation of Corps Diplomatique, French for Diplomatic Corps) followed by two or three digits denoting the country or organization, followed by up to three digits of the serial number. For example, a car with number CD 66 88 is owned by Vietnam. Generally, the number 01 is reserved for an ambassador's official vehicle.
The order of numbers is based on when they recognized Indonesia as a country. The United States was originally assigned CD 13; due to the stigma associated with the number 13, they asked the Indian delegation to exchange numbers.
The list of countries and organizations follows:
Consulates also use the same format but instead of using the letters CD, they use CC.
Some foreign countries and international-organization vehicles in Jakarta use the " B xxxxx yyy " format and a normal white on black plate. Where "xxxxx" stands for five random digits, and "yyy" stands for the country / organization code.
A few vehicle owners pay an extra amount of money to get a certain plate as their desire. Because the convention is not flexible to include a full word, people try creative uses of numbers and letters. For example, Idris Sardi, a violin player, uses (B 10 LA) for his vehicle. It is a play on the word BIOLA which means "violin" in Indonesian. Leoni, a famous actress and singer, uses L 30 NI for her car. Even the former President Megawati Soekarnoputri chooses "M 3 GA" for her personal vehicle, as the plate resembles her broadly-known nickname. Edhie Bhaskoro Yudhoyono, former President Yudhoyono's younger son, has "B 24 EB", which "EB" is being his name initial. With the new format of three suffix alphabets, many vanity or personal registration plates are possible to be created. For example, a Toyota Fortuner owner may choose the plate B 42 NER which sounds like B four-two-NER. Syahrini, an Indonesian singer, has "B 1 SYR" as her registration plate number, with "SYR" being her initials.
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