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Arnold Eric Sevareid
November 26, 1912
Velva, North Dakota, U.S.
|Died||July 9, 1992 (aged 79)|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Education||University of Minnesota|
|Occupation(s)||News journalist, author|
|Notable work||Canoeing with the Cree (1935)|
|Television||CBS Evening News (1965–1977)|
(m. 1935; div. 1962)
(m. 1963; div. 1974)
Suzanne St. Pierre
|Awards||Peabody Award (1950, 1964, 1968}|
Television Hall of Fame (1987}
Emmy Award (1989}
For More: See Honors
Arnold Eric Sevareid (November 26, 1912 – July 9, 1992) was an American author and CBS news journalist from 1939 to 1977. He was one of a group of elite war correspondents who were hired by CBS newsman Edward R. Murrow and nicknamed "Murrow's Boys." Sevareid was the first to report the Fall of Paris in 1940, when the city was captured by German forces during World War II.
Sevareid was born in central North Dakota at Velva to Alfred Eric and Clara Pauline Elizabeth Sevareid (née Hougen). After the failure of the bank in Velva in 1925, his family moved to nearby Minot, and then to Minneapolis, Minnesota, settling on 30th Avenue North. He attended Central High School in Minneapolis. Sevareid graduated from the University of Minnesota in 1935. A descendant of Norwegian immigrants, he preserved a strong bond with Norway throughout his life.
Sevareid was adventurous from a young age; several days after he graduated from Central High School in 1930, he and his friend Walter Port embarked on an expedition sponsored by the Minneapolis Star to travel by canoe from Minneapolis to York Factory, on Hudson Bay. They canoed up the Minnesota River and its tributary, the Little Minnesota River, to Browns Valley, portaged to Lake Traverse, and descended the Bois des Sioux River to the Red River of the North, which led to Lake Winnipeg. They then went down the Nelson River, Gods River, and Hayes River to Hudson Bay, a trip of 2,250 miles (3,620 km). Sevareid's book Canoeing with the Cree (1935) was the result of this canoe trip and is still in print.
At age 18, Sevareid entered journalism as a reporter for the Minneapolis Journal while he was a student at the University of Minnesota in political science. He continued his studies abroad, first in London, and then at the Sorbonne University in Paris, where he also worked as an editor for United Press. Sevareid then became city editor of the Paris Herald Tribune, and later joined CBS as a foreign correspondent based in Paris.
Sevareid broadcast the Fall of Paris and followed the French government from there to Bordeaux and then Vichy before he left France for London and later Washington, D.C. He was appointed as CBS's Washington bureau chief in July 1942.
He wrote about the Plains influence on his life in his early memoir, Not So Wild A Dream (1946). The book is still in print and covers his life in Velva, his family, the Hudson Bay trip, his hitchhiking around the U.S., mining in the Sierra Nevada, the Great Depression years, his early journalism, and (especially) his experiences in World War II.
Relationship with Edward Murrow
Sevareid's work during World War II, with Edward Murrow as one of the original Murrow's Boys, was at the forefront of broadcasting. In 1940, he was the first to report on the Fall of France. Shortly afterward, he joined Murrow to report on the Battle of Britain. Later, Sevareid would refer fondly to the early years working with Murrow: "We were like a young band of brothers in those early radio days with Murrow." In his final broadcast with CBS, in 1977, he would call Murrow the man who "invented me."
Rescue in Burma
On August 2, 1943, Sevareid was on board a Curtiss-Wright C-46 Commando that, having taken off from Assam in India, developed engine trouble over Burma while it was on a Hump airlift mission. He grabbed a bottle of Carew's gin before he parachuted out of the plane. The U.S. Army Air Forces formed a search and rescue team to bring the group out from behind enemy lines. The operatives parachuted in, located the party, and evacuated them safely to India, for which John Paton Davies Jr. later won the Medal of Freedom. Davies was a U.S. diplomat who, having been a passenger himself, initially led the group away from the crash site and out of harm's way before the rescuers arrived.
After the war, Sevareid continued to work for CBS. He had begun his own program, Eric Sevareid and the News, on June 27, 1942, on CBS; it ran for five minutes, starting at 8:55 (ET) on Saturdays and Sundays. In 1946, he reported on the founding of the United Nations and then penned Not So Wild a Dream (University of Missouri Press, 1946). The book, whose title comes from part of the closing passage of Norman Corwin's radio play "On a Note of Triumph," appeared in eleven printings and became one of the primary sources on the lives of the generation of Americans who had lived through the Great Depression, only to confront the horrors of World War II. In the 1976 edition of the book, Sevareid wrote, "It was a lucky stroke of timing to have been born and lived as an American in this last generation. It was good fortune to be a journalist in Washington, now the single news headquarters in the world since ancient Rome. But we are not Rome; the world is too big, too varied."
Sevareid always considered himself a writer first and often felt uneasy behind a microphone and even less comfortable on television. Nonetheless, he worked extensively for CBS News on television for decades after the war. During the middle and the end of 1950s, Sevareid found himself on television as the host and science reporter of CBS's Conquest. He also served as the head of the CBS Washington bureau from 1946 to 1954 and was one of the early critics of Joseph McCarthy's anticommunism tactics.
Sevareid wound up the 1950s as CBS's roving European correspondent from 1959 to 1961. He contributed stories to CBS Reports during that time and served as moderator on a number of CBS series such as Town Meeting of the World, The Great Challenge, Where We Stand, and Years of Crisis. Sevareid also appeared in or on CBS coverage of every presidential election from 1948 to 1976, the year before his retirement.
Final interview with Adlai Stevenson
One of Sevareid's biggest scoops from this time period was his 1965 exclusive interview with Adlai Stevenson II shortly before Stevenson's death. The interview was not broadcast over CBS but instead appeared in Look magazine.
CBS Evening News appearances
On November 22, 1963, Sevareid joined Walter Cronkite on CBS television with a commentary about the assassination of John F. Kennedy and the road ahead for the new president, Lyndon Johnson. From 1964 to his 1977 retirement from the network, Sevareid's two-minute segments on the CBS Evening News (anchored by Cronkite) inspired his admirers to dub him "The Grey Eminence."
During his long run as a commentator, his segments earned both Emmy and Peabody Awards. In 1987, he was honored as an inductee into the Academy's Fourth Hall of Fame. Those who disagreed with his views nicknamed him "Eric Severalsides." Sevareid recognized his own biases, which caused some to disagree with him vehemently. He said that as he had grown older, he had tended to become more conservative in foreign policy and liberal in domestic policy.
His commentary touched on many of the day's important issues. After a 1966 trip to South Vietnam, he commented that prolonging the war would be unwise and that the US would be better off pursuing a negotiated settlement. He also helped keep alive another Murrow tradition at CBS that began with the interview show Person to Person. On Conversations with Eric Sevareid, he interviewed such famous newsmakers as West German Chancellor Willy Brandt and novelist Leo Rosten. In somewhat of a spoof of that tradition, he also had a conversation with King George III, portrayed by Peter Ustinov, titled The Last King in America.
Sevareid later narrated the American history series Between The Wars. In 1981, Sevareid hosted a documentary series on PBS, entitled Enterprise, a profile on how America portrays business. The following year, he hosted the syndicated newsmagazine program Eric Sevareid's Chronicle.
Sevareid married the former Lois Finger. They had twin sons, Peter and Michael, born in Paris while Sevareid was stationed there as a war correspondent for CBS.
Sevareid's second marriage was to Belen Marshall. They had a daughter, Cristina, born in New York while he was working as a commentator at the New York bureau.
- 1950, 1964, 1976: Peabody Award
- 1954: Alfred I. duPont Award
- 1964: State of North Dakota Theodore Roosevelt Rough Rider Award
- 1965: New York Newspaper Guild Page One Award
- 1977: Paul White Award, Radio Television Digital News Association
- Emmy Award winner:
- Best News Reporter or Commentator – 1955
- Best News Commentary – 1958
- 1993: Inducted posthumously into the Scandinavian-American Hall of Fame
- On October 5, 2007, the United States Postal Service announced that it would honor Sevareid and four other journalists of the 20th century with first-class rate postage stamps, to be issued on Tuesday, April 22, 2008. Sevareid's award was in recognition of his World War II reporting and his criticism of Sen. Joseph McCarthy's anti-communism campaign
- "Michael Sevareid". LancasterOnline. LNP Media Group, Inc. LancasterOnline. August 11, 2013. Retrieved October 15, 2021.
- "Eric Sevareid". University of Minnesota Libraries. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
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- "Eric Sevareid signs off". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. December 1, 1977. p. 6A.
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- Journalist Eric Sevareid remembered in his hometown Bismarck Tribune April 25, 2008
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- "Family of Eric Severaid". norwayheritage.com. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
- Canoeing With the Cree
- "Sevareid to Head CBS Capital News". Broadcasting and Broadcast Advertising. Washington, D.C.: Broadcasting Publications, Inc. 22 (26): 13. June 29, 1942.
- Sevareid, Eric, Museum of Broadcast Communications.
- Fitch, Noel Riley, "Appetite for Life: The Biography of Julia Child" (First Anchor Books Edition 1997), p. 106.
- Olson, Lynn and Cloud, Stanley W. The Murrow Boys: Pioneers on the Front Lines of Broadcast Journalism. October 31, 1997. Mariner Books. ISBN 0-395-87753-9.
- Josh Bernstein; Katie Drummond; Devon Puglia; John Tortora; Ralph Avellino (September 3, 2011). "The Sky's No Limit". The Daily. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
- ""Eric Sevareid and the News" Starts over WHP-CBS Tonight". Harrisburg Telegraph. Harrisburg Telegraph. June 27, 1942. p. 25. Retrieved August 6, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Bill Kemp (July 18, 2010). "Stevenson's death in 1965". McLean County Museum of History. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
- "Television Hall of Fame Honorees: Complete List".
- "Eric Sevareid". IMDb. Retrieved August 3, 2022.
- "Stork Visits CBS Reporter In War Zone". Harrisburg Telegraph. Harrisburg Telegraph. April 27, 1940. p. 18. Retrieved March 14, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Moore, Frazier (July 10, 1992). "Newscaster Eric Sevareid, 79". The Day. (New London, Connecticut). Associated Press. p. B6.
- "Commentator Eric Sevareid dies of cancer". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). (Los Angeles Times). July 10, 1992. p. A3.
- "News commentator Eric Sevareid dies at age 79". Eugene Register Guard. (Oregon). (Los Angeles Times). July 10, 1992. p. 5A.
- Bart Barnes (July 10, 1992). "Journalist Eric Sevareid Dies at 79". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
- "Personal Award Eric Sevareid for Television News". Peabody Awards. 1963. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
- "1954 Eric Sevareid". Columbia University Journalism School. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
- "Eric Sevareid". Office of Governor, State of North Dakota. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
- "Paul White Award". Radio Television Digital News Association. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
- "Eric Sevareid Hall of Fame Induction 1987". Television Academy and Academy Of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
- "SAHF Inductees". hostfest.com. Norsk Høstfest.
- "Stamps Honor Distinguished Journalists"
- Canoeing with the Cree, 1935, reprinted 1968 ISBN 0-87351-152-2
- Not So Wild a Dream (autobiography), 1946, reissued 1976 ISBN 0-8262-1014-7
- In One Ear: 107 Snapshots of Men and Events which Make a Far-Reaching Panorama of the American Situation at Mid-Century (essays), Knopf, 1952.
- Small Sounds in the Night: A Collection of Capsule Commentaries on the American Scene, Knopf, 1956.
- This is Eric Sevareid (essays), McGraw, 1964.
- (With Robert A. Smith) Washington: Magnificent Capital, Doubleday, 1965.
- (With John Case) Enterprise: The Making of Business in America, McGraw-Hill, 1983.
- Raymond A. Schroth (1995) The American Journey of Eric Sevareid (Steerforth Press) ISBN 1883642124
- T. Harrell Allen (2017) The Voice of Reason: Eric Sevareid's CBS Commentaries (CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform) ISBN 978-1547027521
- Yesterday's News Excerpt from "Canoeing with the Cree" series, Minneapolis Star, September 6, 1930
- on YouTube Recording of final broadcast message, November 30, 1977.
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Raymond A. Schroth, S.J. Research Papers for Sevareid Biography Finding Aid at Loyola University New Orleans
- Eric Sevareid Awards Midwest Broadcast Journalists Association
- Eric Sevareid papers Library of Congress Manuscript Division